Zero postulation and the principles of the Theory of Abstraction are used to study structures of energy inside a black hole, which is incredibly heavy and incredibly small. We chase the questions, how matter (with various structures) is formed from energy and the energy making up matter has to be in what orientation to form the matter that we see. We arrive at the fundamental model and the equations describing the formation of structure in energy.
Ganguly, Subhajit (2014): Abstraction and Structures in Energy. figshare
V.V. Smirnov, O.V.Gendelman, L.I. Manevitch
We consider a propagation of exotermic transition front in a discrete conservative oscillatory chain. Adequate description of such fronts is a key point in prediction of important transient phenomena, including phase transitions and topochemical reactions. Due to constant energy supply, the transition front can propagate with high velocities, precluding any continuum-based considerations. Stationary propagation of the front is accompanied by formation of a non-stationary oscillatory tail with complicated internal structure. We demonstrate that the structure of the oscillatory tail is related to a relationship between phase and group velocities of the oscillations. We suggest also an approximate analytic procedure, which allows one to determine all basic characteristics of the propagation process: velocity and width of the front, frequency and amplitude of the after-front oscillations, as well as the structure of the oscillatory tail. As an example, we consider a simple case of biharmonic double-well on-site potential. Numeric results nicely conform to the analytic predictions.
Baoqiang Xia, Zhijun Qiao
In this paper, we propose a multi-component system of Camassa-Holm equation, denoted by CH( , ) with 2N components and an arbitrary smooth function . This system is proven integrable in the sense of Lax pair and infinitely many conservation laws. We particularly study the case of N=2 and derive the peaked soliton (peakon) solutions.
It has recently been shown that the computing abilities of Boltzmann machines, or Ising spin-glass models, can be implemented by chaotic billiard dynamics without any use of random numbers. In this paper, we further numerically investigate the capabilities of the chaotic billiard dynamics as a deterministic alternative to random Monte Carlo methods by applying it to classical spin models in statistical physics. First, we verify that the billiard dynamics can yield samples that converge to the true distribution of the Ising model on a small lattice, and we show that it appears to have the same convergence rate as random Monte Carlo sampling. Second, we apply the billiard dynamics to finite-size scaling analysis of the critical behavior of the Ising model and show that the phase transition point and the critical exponents are correctly obtained. Third, we extend the billiard dynamics to spins that take more than two states and show that it can be applied successfully to the Potts model. We also discuss the possibility of extensions to continuous-valued models such as the XY model.